Three species of Fucus inhabiting different zones at the littoral and sublittoral of the White Sea (F. vesiculosus L., F. serratus L., and F. distichus L.) were compared with regard to performance of the photosynthetic apparatus (PSA) and PSA changes upon prolonged desiccation of algae. The content of chlorophyll a and the total content of carotenoids were significantly higher in F. serratus than in F. vesiculosus. The potential quantum yield (F v/F m) of photosystem II (PSII) was 0.69–0.74 in all species. The highest effective quantum yield of PSII (Y II) was observed in F. vesiculosus plants inhabiting zones with the most intense insolation. The ratio of non-photochemical quenching to photochemical quenching (qN/qP) increased with the depth of algal habitats in the row from F. vesiculosus to F. serratus. The fluorescence parameters F. serratus deviated during desiccation from their normal values and did not recover upon the subsequent return to water. By contrast, the fluorescence parameters of F. vesiculosus and F. distichus recovered gradually after the return of algae from air to sea water. It is supposed that F. serratus plants, unlike other species, are characterized by comparatively low physiological plasticity.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 26, 2012
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