Functional Links between Membrane Transport and the Spectrin Cytoskeleton

Functional Links between Membrane Transport and the Spectrin Cytoskeleton Membrane transporters precisely regulate which molecules cross the plasma membrane and when they can cross. In many cases it is also important to regulate where substances can cross the plasma membrane. Consequently, cells have evolved mechanisms to confine and stabilize membrane transport proteins within specific subdomains of the plasma membrane. A number of different transporters (including ion pumps, channels and exchangers) are known to physically associate with the spectrin cytoskeleton, a submembrane complex of spectrin and ankyrin. These proteins form a protein scaffold that assembles within discrete subdomains of the plasma membrane in polarized cells. Recent genetic studies in humans and model organisms have provided the opportunity to test the hypothesis that the spectrin cytoskeleton has a direct role in restricting transporters to specialized domains. Remarkably, genetic defects in spectrin and ankyrin can produce effects on cell physiology that are comparable to knockouts of the transporters themselves. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Functional Links between Membrane Transport and the Spectrin Cytoskeleton

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-006-0863-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Membrane transporters precisely regulate which molecules cross the plasma membrane and when they can cross. In many cases it is also important to regulate where substances can cross the plasma membrane. Consequently, cells have evolved mechanisms to confine and stabilize membrane transport proteins within specific subdomains of the plasma membrane. A number of different transporters (including ion pumps, channels and exchangers) are known to physically associate with the spectrin cytoskeleton, a submembrane complex of spectrin and ankyrin. These proteins form a protein scaffold that assembles within discrete subdomains of the plasma membrane in polarized cells. Recent genetic studies in humans and model organisms have provided the opportunity to test the hypothesis that the spectrin cytoskeleton has a direct role in restricting transporters to specialized domains. Remarkably, genetic defects in spectrin and ankyrin can produce effects on cell physiology that are comparable to knockouts of the transporters themselves.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 7, 2006

References

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