Functional Investigation of Transmembrane Helix 3 in H+-Translocating Pyrophosphatase

Functional Investigation of Transmembrane Helix 3 in H+-Translocating Pyrophosphatase H+-translocating pyrophosphatase (H+-PPase, EC 3.6.1.1) plays an important role in acidifying vacuoles by transporting protons across membranes at the expense of pyrophosphate (PPi) hydrolysis. Vigna radiata H+-PPase (VrH+-PPase) contains 16 transmembrane helices (TMs). The hydrophobicity of TM3 is relatively lower than that of most other TMs, and the amino acids in this TM are highly conserved in plants. Furthermore, TM5 and -6, which are the core TMs involving in H+-PPase functions, are near TM3. It is thus proposed that TM3 is associated with H+-PPase activity. To address this possibility, site-directed mutagenesis was applied in this investigation to determine the role of TM3 in VrH+-PPase. Upon alanine/serine substitution, T138 and S142, whose side chains face toward the center TMs, were found to be involved in efficient proton transport. G149/S153 and G160/A164 pairs at the crucial termini of the two GxxxG-like motifs are indispensable in maintaining enzymatic activities and conformational stability. Moreover, stability in the vicinity surrounding G149 is pivotal for efficient expression. S153, M161 and A164 are critical for the K+-mediated stimulation of H+-PPase. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TM3 plays essential roles in PPi hydrolysis, proton transport, expression, and K+ stimulation of H+-PPase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-013-9599-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

H+-translocating pyrophosphatase (H+-PPase, EC 3.6.1.1) plays an important role in acidifying vacuoles by transporting protons across membranes at the expense of pyrophosphate (PPi) hydrolysis. Vigna radiata H+-PPase (VrH+-PPase) contains 16 transmembrane helices (TMs). The hydrophobicity of TM3 is relatively lower than that of most other TMs, and the amino acids in this TM are highly conserved in plants. Furthermore, TM5 and -6, which are the core TMs involving in H+-PPase functions, are near TM3. It is thus proposed that TM3 is associated with H+-PPase activity. To address this possibility, site-directed mutagenesis was applied in this investigation to determine the role of TM3 in VrH+-PPase. Upon alanine/serine substitution, T138 and S142, whose side chains face toward the center TMs, were found to be involved in efficient proton transport. G149/S153 and G160/A164 pairs at the crucial termini of the two GxxxG-like motifs are indispensable in maintaining enzymatic activities and conformational stability. Moreover, stability in the vicinity surrounding G149 is pivotal for efficient expression. S153, M161 and A164 are critical for the K+-mediated stimulation of H+-PPase. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TM3 plays essential roles in PPi hydrolysis, proton transport, expression, and K+ stimulation of H+-PPase.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2013

References

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