H+-translocating pyrophosphatase (H+-PPase, EC 22.214.171.124) plays an important role in acidifying vacuoles by transporting protons across membranes at the expense of pyrophosphate (PPi) hydrolysis. Vigna radiata H+-PPase (VrH+-PPase) contains 16 transmembrane helices (TMs). The hydrophobicity of TM3 is relatively lower than that of most other TMs, and the amino acids in this TM are highly conserved in plants. Furthermore, TM5 and -6, which are the core TMs involving in H+-PPase functions, are near TM3. It is thus proposed that TM3 is associated with H+-PPase activity. To address this possibility, site-directed mutagenesis was applied in this investigation to determine the role of TM3 in VrH+-PPase. Upon alanine/serine substitution, T138 and S142, whose side chains face toward the center TMs, were found to be involved in efficient proton transport. G149/S153 and G160/A164 pairs at the crucial termini of the two GxxxG-like motifs are indispensable in maintaining enzymatic activities and conformational stability. Moreover, stability in the vicinity surrounding G149 is pivotal for efficient expression. S153, M161 and A164 are critical for the K+-mediated stimulation of H+-PPase. Taken together, our results demonstrate that TM3 plays essential roles in PPi hydrolysis, proton transport, expression, and K+ stimulation of H+-PPase.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2013
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera