Functional Identification of H+-ATPase and Na+/H+ Antiporter in the Plasma Membrane Isolated from the Root Cells of Salt-Accumulating Halophyte Suaeda altissima

Functional Identification of H+-ATPase and Na+/H+ Antiporter in the Plasma Membrane Isolated from... A membrane fraction enriched in plasma membrane (PM) vesicles was isolated from the root cells of a salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima (L.) Pall. by means of centrifugation in discontinuous sucrose density gradient. The PM vesicles were capable of generating ΔpH at their membrane and the transmembrane electric potential difference (Δψ). These quantities were measured with optical probes, acridine orange and oxonol VI, sensitive to ΔpH and Δψ, respectively. The ATP-dependent generation of ΔpH was sensitive to vanadate, an inhibitor of P-type ATPases. The results contain evidence for the functioning of H+-ATPase in the PM of the root cells of S. altissima. The addition of Na+ and Li+ ions to the outer medium resulted in dissipation of ΔpH preformed by the H+-ATPase, which indicates the presence in PM of the functionally active Na+/H+ antiporter. The results are discussed with regard to involvement of the Na+/H+ antiporter and the PM H+-ATPase in loading Na+ ions into the xylem of S. altissima roots. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Functional Identification of H+-ATPase and Na+/H+ Antiporter in the Plasma Membrane Isolated from the Root Cells of Salt-Accumulating Halophyte Suaeda altissima

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica"
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11183-005-0094-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A membrane fraction enriched in plasma membrane (PM) vesicles was isolated from the root cells of a salt-accumulating halophyte Suaeda altissima (L.) Pall. by means of centrifugation in discontinuous sucrose density gradient. The PM vesicles were capable of generating ΔpH at their membrane and the transmembrane electric potential difference (Δψ). These quantities were measured with optical probes, acridine orange and oxonol VI, sensitive to ΔpH and Δψ, respectively. The ATP-dependent generation of ΔpH was sensitive to vanadate, an inhibitor of P-type ATPases. The results contain evidence for the functioning of H+-ATPase in the PM of the root cells of S. altissima. The addition of Na+ and Li+ ions to the outer medium resulted in dissipation of ΔpH preformed by the H+-ATPase, which indicates the presence in PM of the functionally active Na+/H+ antiporter. The results are discussed with regard to involvement of the Na+/H+ antiporter and the PM H+-ATPase in loading Na+ ions into the xylem of S. altissima roots.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 28, 2005

References

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