Functional identification of ELO-like genes involved in very long chain fatty acid synthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana

Functional identification of ELO-like genes involved in very long chain fatty acid synthesis in... Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are essential lipid components in many plants. 3-Ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS) catalyzes the condensation reaction to form 3-ketoacyl-CoA in VLCFA synthesis. AtELO4 has been reported to be involved in VLCFA synthesis, functioning as a KCS in Arabidopsis. However, no studies on other three AtELO members have been reported. Here, we initially found by real-time PCR in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. that AtELO1, AtELO3, and AtELO4 displayed characteristic expression patterns, but AtELO2 was nearly expressed in any organ. Then the transient expression of ELO-like-eGFP fusions in Arabidopsis green leaf protoplasts showed that AtELO1, AtELO3, and AtELO4 were localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where VLCFA synthesis took place. Finally, we found that the contents of all fatty acids were decreased by 10–20% in seeds of atelo1 T-DNA insertion mutants. In seeds of Pro35S:AtELO1 plants, the levels of all remaining components, except C20:0 and C20:3, were significantly increased. Taken together, our study revealed biological functions of AtELO members and might lay the foundation for further genetic manipulations to generate oil crops with the high oil content. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Functional identification of ELO-like genes involved in very long chain fatty acid synthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/functional-identification-of-elo-like-genes-involved-in-very-long-Tmsd0sl3Ck
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443714060193
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are essential lipid components in many plants. 3-Ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS) catalyzes the condensation reaction to form 3-ketoacyl-CoA in VLCFA synthesis. AtELO4 has been reported to be involved in VLCFA synthesis, functioning as a KCS in Arabidopsis. However, no studies on other three AtELO members have been reported. Here, we initially found by real-time PCR in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. that AtELO1, AtELO3, and AtELO4 displayed characteristic expression patterns, but AtELO2 was nearly expressed in any organ. Then the transient expression of ELO-like-eGFP fusions in Arabidopsis green leaf protoplasts showed that AtELO1, AtELO3, and AtELO4 were localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where VLCFA synthesis took place. Finally, we found that the contents of all fatty acids were decreased by 10–20% in seeds of atelo1 T-DNA insertion mutants. In seeds of Pro35S:AtELO1 plants, the levels of all remaining components, except C20:0 and C20:3, were significantly increased. Taken together, our study revealed biological functions of AtELO members and might lay the foundation for further genetic manipulations to generate oil crops with the high oil content.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 12, 2014

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off