Functional Consequences of Various Leucine Mutations in the M3/M4 Loop of the Na+,K+-ATPase α-Subunit

Functional Consequences of Various Leucine Mutations in the M3/M4 Loop of the Na+,K+-ATPase... Leucines were mutated within the sequence L311ILGYTWLE319 of the extracellular loop flanking the third (M3) and fourth (M4) transmembrane segments (M3/M4 loop) of the Torpedo Na+,K+-ATPase α-subunit. Replacement of Leu311 with Glu resulted in a considerable loss of Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Replacement of Leu313 with Glu shifted the equilibrium of E1P and E2P toward E1P and reduced the rate of the E1P to E2P transition. The reduction of the transition rate and stronger inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity by Na+ at higher concentrations together suggest that there is interference of Na+ release on the extracellular side in the Leu313 mutant. Thus, Leu313 could be in the pathway of Na+ exit. Replacement of Leu318 with Glu yielded an enzyme with significantly reduced apparent affinity for both vanadate and K+, with an equilibrium shifted toward E2P and no alteration in the transition rate. The reduced vanadate affinity is due to the lower rate of production of vanadate-reactive [K+ 2]E2 caused by inhibition of dephosphorylation through reduction of the K+ affinity of E2P. Thus, Leu318 may be a critical position in guiding external K+ to its binding site. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Functional Consequences of Various Leucine Mutations in the M3/M4 Loop of the Na+,K+-ATPase α-Subunit

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-007-9091-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Leucines were mutated within the sequence L311ILGYTWLE319 of the extracellular loop flanking the third (M3) and fourth (M4) transmembrane segments (M3/M4 loop) of the Torpedo Na+,K+-ATPase α-subunit. Replacement of Leu311 with Glu resulted in a considerable loss of Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Replacement of Leu313 with Glu shifted the equilibrium of E1P and E2P toward E1P and reduced the rate of the E1P to E2P transition. The reduction of the transition rate and stronger inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity by Na+ at higher concentrations together suggest that there is interference of Na+ release on the extracellular side in the Leu313 mutant. Thus, Leu313 could be in the pathway of Na+ exit. Replacement of Leu318 with Glu yielded an enzyme with significantly reduced apparent affinity for both vanadate and K+, with an equilibrium shifted toward E2P and no alteration in the transition rate. The reduced vanadate affinity is due to the lower rate of production of vanadate-reactive [K+ 2]E2 caused by inhibition of dephosphorylation through reduction of the K+ affinity of E2P. Thus, Leu318 may be a critical position in guiding external K+ to its binding site.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 23, 2008

References

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