Leucines were mutated within the sequence L311ILGYTWLE319 of the extracellular loop flanking the third (M3) and fourth (M4) transmembrane segments (M3/M4 loop) of the Torpedo Na+,K+-ATPase α-subunit. Replacement of Leu311 with Glu resulted in a considerable loss of Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Replacement of Leu313 with Glu shifted the equilibrium of E1P and E2P toward E1P and reduced the rate of the E1P to E2P transition. The reduction of the transition rate and stronger inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity by Na+ at higher concentrations together suggest that there is interference of Na+ release on the extracellular side in the Leu313 mutant. Thus, Leu313 could be in the pathway of Na+ exit. Replacement of Leu318 with Glu yielded an enzyme with significantly reduced apparent affinity for both vanadate and K+, with an equilibrium shifted toward E2P and no alteration in the transition rate. The reduced vanadate affinity is due to the lower rate of production of vanadate-reactive [K+ 2]E2 caused by inhibition of dephosphorylation through reduction of the K+ affinity of E2P. Thus, Leu318 may be a critical position in guiding external K+ to its binding site.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 23, 2008
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