Functional characterization of the geminiviral conserved late element (CLE) in uninfected tobacco

Functional characterization of the geminiviral conserved late element (CLE) in uninfected tobacco The conserved late element (CLE) was originally identified as an evolutionarily conserved DNA sequence present in geminiviral intergenic regions. CLE has subsequently been observed in promoter sequences of bacterial (T-DNA) and plant origin, suggesting a role in plant and plant viral gene regulation. Synthetic DNA cassettes harboring direct repeats of the CLE motif were placed upstream from a −46 to +1 minimal CaMV 35S promoter-luciferase reporter gene and reporter activity characterized in Nicotiana species during both transient and stable expression. A single direct-repeat cassette of the element (2× CLE) enhances luciferase activity by 2-fold, independent of the element’s orientation, while multiple copies of the cassette (4–12× CLE) increases activity up to 10- to 15-fold in an additive manner. Transgenic tobacco lines containing synthetic CLE promoter constructs enhance luciferase expression in leaf, cotyledon and stem tissues, but to a lesser extent in roots. Single nucleotide substitution at six of eight positions within the CLE consensus (GTGGTCCC) eliminates CLE enhancer-like activity. It has been previously reported that CLE interacts with the AC2 protein from Pepper Huasteco Virus (PHV-AC2). PHV-AC2 (also called AL2 or C2) is a member of the transcriptional activator protein, or TrAP, gene family. In transient and stable expression systems PHV-AC2 expression was found to result in a 2-fold increase in luciferase activity, irrespective of the presence of CLE consensus sequences within the reporter’s promoter. These data suggests that the PHV-AC2 protein, instead of interacting directly with CLE, functions as either a general transcriptional activator and/or a suppressor of post-transcriptional gene silencing. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Functional characterization of the geminiviral conserved late element (CLE) in uninfected tobacco

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
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