Functional Characterization of Glycosylation-Deficient Human P-Glycoprotein Using A Vaccinia Virus Expression System

Functional Characterization of Glycosylation-Deficient Human P-Glycoprotein Using A Vaccinia... P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the product of human MDR1 gene, which functions as an ATP-dependent drug efflux pump, is N-linked glycosylated at asparagine residues 91, 94, and 99 located within the first extracellular loop. We report here the biochemical characterization of glycosylation-deficient (Gly−) P-gp using a vaccinia virus based transient expression system. The staining of HeLa cells expressing Gly− P-gp (91, 94, and 99N→Q), with P-gp specific monoclonal antibodies, MRK-16, UIC2 and 4E3 revealed a 40 to 50% lower cell-surface expression of mutant P-gp compared to the wild-type protein. The transport function of Gly− P-gp, assessed using a variety of fluorescent compounds indicated that the substrate specificity of the pump was not affected by the lack of glycosylation. Additional mutants, Gly− D (91, 94, 99N→D) and Gly−Δ (91, 94, 99 N deleted) were generated to verify that the reduced cell surface expression, as well as total expression, were not a result of the glutamine substitutions. Gly− D and Gly−Δ Pgps were also expressed to the same level as the Gly− mutant protein. 35S-Methionine/cysteine pulse-chase studies revealed a reduced incorporation of 35S-methionine/cysteine in full length Gly− P-gp compared to wild-type protein, but the half-life (∼3 hr) of mutant P-gp was essentially unaltered. Since treatment with proteasome inhibitors (MG-132, lactacystin) increased only the intracellular level of nascent, mutant P-gp, the decreased incorporation of 35S-methionine/cysteine in Gly− P-gp appears to be due to degradation of improperly folded mutant protein by the proteasome and endoplasmic reticulum-associated proteases. These results demonstrate that the unglycosylated protein, although expressed at lower levels at the cell surface, is functional and suitable for structural studies. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Functional Characterization of Glycosylation-Deficient Human P-Glycoprotein Using A Vaccinia Virus Expression System

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Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
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