Expression profiling offers a potential high-throughput phenotype screen for mutant mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. We have assessed the ability of expression arrays to distinguish among heterozygous mutant ES cell lines and to accurately reflect the normal function of the mutated genes. Two ES cell lines hemizygous for overlapping regions of mouse Chromosome (Chr) 5 differed substantially from the wildtype parental line and from each other. Expression differences included frequent downregulation of hemizygous genes and downstream effects on genes mapping to other chromosomes. Some genes were affected similarly in each deletion line, consistent with the overlap of the deletions. To determine whether such downstream effects reveal pathways impacted by a mutation, we examined ES cell lines heterozygous for mutations in either of two well-characterized genes. A heterozygous mutation in the gene encoding the cell cycle regulator, cyclin D kinase 4 (Cdk4), affected expression of many genes involved in cell growth and proliferation. A heterozygous mutation in the ATP binding cassette transporter family A, member 1 (Abca1) gene, altered genes associated with lipid homeostasis, the cytoskeleton, and vesicle trafficking. Heterozygous Abca1 mutation had similar effects in liver, indicating that ES cell expression profile reflects changes in fundamental processes relevant to mutant gene function in multiple cell types.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2002
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera