Functional and regulatory analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter

Functional and regulatory analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter The vacuolar sequestration of metals is an important metal tolerance mechanism in plants. The Arabidopsis thaliana vacuolar transporters CAX1 and CAX2 were originally identified in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae suppression screen as Ca2+/H+ antiporters. CAX2 has a low affinity for Ca2+ but can transport other metals including Mn2+ and Cd2+. Here we demonstrate that unlike cax1 mutants, CAX2 insertional mutants caused no discernable morphological phenotypes or alterations in Ca2+/H+ antiport activity. However, cax2 lines exhibited a reduction in vacuolar Mn2+/H+ antiport and, like cax1 mutants, reduced V-type H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) activity. Analysis of a CAX2 promoter β-glucoronidase (GUS) reporter gene fusion confirmed that CAX2 was expressed throughout the plant and strongly expressed in flower tissue, vascular tissue and in the apical meristem of young plants. Heterologous expression in yeast identified an N-terminal regulatory region in CAX2, suggesting that Arabidopsis contains multiple cation/H+ antiporters with shared regulatory features. Furthermore, despite significant variations in morphological and biochemical phenotypes, cax1 and cax2 lines both significantly alter V-ATPase activity, hinting at coordinate regulation among transporters driven by H+ gradients and the V-ATPase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Functional and regulatory analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/functional-and-regulatory-analysis-of-the-arabidopsis-thaliana-cax2-LfSpIJ5PBu
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-004-6446-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The vacuolar sequestration of metals is an important metal tolerance mechanism in plants. The Arabidopsis thaliana vacuolar transporters CAX1 and CAX2 were originally identified in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae suppression screen as Ca2+/H+ antiporters. CAX2 has a low affinity for Ca2+ but can transport other metals including Mn2+ and Cd2+. Here we demonstrate that unlike cax1 mutants, CAX2 insertional mutants caused no discernable morphological phenotypes or alterations in Ca2+/H+ antiport activity. However, cax2 lines exhibited a reduction in vacuolar Mn2+/H+ antiport and, like cax1 mutants, reduced V-type H+-ATPase (V-ATPase) activity. Analysis of a CAX2 promoter β-glucoronidase (GUS) reporter gene fusion confirmed that CAX2 was expressed throughout the plant and strongly expressed in flower tissue, vascular tissue and in the apical meristem of young plants. Heterologous expression in yeast identified an N-terminal regulatory region in CAX2, suggesting that Arabidopsis contains multiple cation/H+ antiporters with shared regulatory features. Furthermore, despite significant variations in morphological and biochemical phenotypes, cax1 and cax2 lines both significantly alter V-ATPase activity, hinting at coordinate regulation among transporters driven by H+ gradients and the V-ATPase.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 7, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off