Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a eukaryotic quality control system that identifies and eliminates transcripts having a premature translation termination codon (PTC). NMD is also involved in the control of several wild-type mRNAs. The NMD core machinery consists of three highly conserved NMD factors (UPF1, UPF2 and UPF3) and at least one less conserved 14-3-3-like domain containing protein (SMG7). A PTC is identified by UPF factors, and then SMG7 triggers rapid transcript decay. UPF factors are generally encoded by a single gene, whereas SMG7 has duplicated several times during evolution. Recently it was reported that the plant SMG7 is autoregulated through NMD and that SMG7 has two relatively divergent paralogs in dicots, SMG7 and SMG7L. In mammals all three SMG7 related genes (SMG5, SMG6 and SMG7) are essential in NMD, so we hypothesized that in plants the SMG7 and SMG7L duplicates may also play distinct roles in NMD. To test this possibility, we have analyzed the evolution and the function of plant SMG7 homologs. We show that SMG7L is not required for plant NMD. Interestingly, we found that the grapevine and poplar genomes contain two quite divergent SMG7 paralogs which may have derived from an ancient duplication event. Using heterolog depletion/complementation assays we demonstrate that both grapevine SMG7 copies retained the complete NMD activity and both of them are under NMD control, whilst SMG7L has lost NMD activity and NMD control.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 14, 2011
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