Transmission of information takes place simultaneously over the same available channel bandwidth in Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) technique. The spread spectrum (SS) technique is used in CDMA systems for transmission of information by employing spreading codes. A unique spreading code, acts as a signature code, is assigned for each individual user. The signal occupies a bandwidth much larger than the minimum necessary to send the information in SS modulation technique. A synchronized reception with the code at the receiver is applied for dispreading the information before the data recovery. From a long-term, Walsh-Hadamard codes have been employed as spread spectrum codes in CDMA communications due to their ease of generation. Walsh-Hadamard codes are absolutely orthogonal binary user codes which have so many favourite applications in synchronous multicarrier communications. However, the optical application of Walsh-Hadamard codes turns important for optical CDMA to solve the above problem. For this, the designs need the use of nonlinear optics capable of controlling multi-valued signals. To achieve this goal all-optical terahertz optical asymmetric Demultiplexer based design of Walsh-Hadamard codes is explored in this paper.
Optical and Quantum Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 9, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera