Liquid droplet impacts onto solid surfaces have attracted enormous amount of attention from wide range of research fields including experimental and numerical investigations. Unlike experimental efforts, numerical and analytical studies generated various sets of data. In this study, we investigated the spreading velocities inside the water droplets impinging onto a dry glass substrate using time-resolved PIV. The method, together with the high spatiotemporal resolution and the additional treatments improving the robustness, allowed us to resolve the radial velocity profiles efficiently in the spreading phase. Several impact velocity cases ranging from 0.40 to 0.96 m/s were studied. They correspond to low and moderate level Weber numbers (4.9–27.6). We observed that instantaneous radial velocity distributions exhibit linear and nonlinear modes. The nonlinearity is caused by the vortical flows formed at outer regions of the spreading liquid lamella. We demonstrated that even at low impact velocities the linear parts of the profiles obey a quasi-one-dimensional theory proposed in the literature. The comparison of obtained results with a literature-based numerical study, performed for high range of Weber numbers, confirmed the simultaneous existence of linear and nonlinear parts in the radial velocity profiles. In spite of the scale differences in terms of Weber number, the agreements in the tendencies of the profiles imply the validity of the mechanism considered in the numerical study even at low and moderate level range of Weber numbers.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 28, 2014
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