324 Book Review 2. Marketing: The participation of SMEs in of SME finance in all the four countries. export markets benefits most from pre-existing Activist financial interventions have worked private networks. These networks take dif- best in a financial system where market allo- ferent forms: in Japan, subcontracting to large cation plays a large role. Directed credit and firms provide a point of entry while in parastatal organisations play the greatest role Indonesia there is the “Chinese connection”. in supporting the smallest SMEs that are not Where market networks are weak, or where reached by established financial institutions. transaction costs of early market penetration This thumbnail sketch of some important findings are high, collective support is more important. should whet the appetite of researchers for the Over time, however, private networks tend to feast of the more detailed results of the study. The predominate. The most effective collective final chapter provides a number of useful impli- support is decentralised, such as support for cations for policy, some of which are: trade fairs, rather than by large centralised institutions. However, in some countries like 1. Collective support services are generally rated Korea, centralised support mechanisms work lower by SMEs than
Small Business Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 8, 2004
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