Multifunctional carboxylic acids have been used as crosslinking agents for cotton and wood pulp cellulose. In our previous research, we found that a polycarboxylic acid esterifies cellulose through the formation of a 5-membered cyclic anhydride intermediate by the dehydration of two carboxyl groups. In this research, we studied the formation of cyclic anhydride intermediates by different isomers of cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid (CHA) so that we can elucidate the effects of molecular structure on the formation of the anhydride intermediates. We found that both cis-and trans-1,2-CHA form 5-membered anhydride intermediates when temperature reaches their melting points and that cis-1,2-CHA forms the cyclic anhydride at temperatures lower than does trans-1,2-CHA. 1,3-CHA forms 6-membered cyclic anhydride at temperatures much higher than its melting point. The formation of a 5-membered cyclic anhydride intermediates takes place at temperatures lower than that of a 6-membered anhydride. This is probably the main reason why those polycarboxylic acids with their carboxylic acid groups bonded to the adjacent carbons of the molecular backbones are more effective crosslinking agents for cellulose than those with their carboxylic groups bonded to the alternative carbons. No formation of cyclic anhydride was found for 1,4-CHA. The formation of a five-membered cyclic anhydride was accelerated by monosodium phosphate, which is used as a catalyst for the esterification of cotton cellulose by polycarboxylic acids.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2000
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera