Prior empirical research finds habitat effects manifest in stock pricing among firms that share headquarters cities. We empirically investigate whether trends in residential real estate prices affect headquarters-city stock pricing phenomena for companies across U.S. metro areas for 1989–2004. Specifically, we hypothesize that stocks of firms headquartered in ‘hot’ residential real estate markets experience higher returns compared to stocks of firms from ‘cold’ markets. We also hypothesize that stocks of firms headquartered in hot real estate markets display stronger return comovement with same-city stocks. We find support for these hypotheses during the 1999–2004 sample period which coincides with the start of the housing bubble of the 2000 s; we find mixed results in earlier periods. Our findings indicate that city-specific home price patterns conditionally affect stock pricing of local firms, suggesting that investor behavior is influenced by localized shocks to household real estate wealth.
The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 14, 2010
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