From orthogonal projections to a generalized quantum search

From orthogonal projections to a generalized quantum search A quantum algorithm with certainty is introduced in order to find a marked pre-image of an element which is known to be in the image domain of an orthogonal projection operator. The analysis of our algorithm is made by using properties of the Moebius transformations acting on the complex projective line. This new algorithm closely resembles the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm, however it is proven that our algorithm is a proper generalization of the latter (with generalized phases), in such a way that the quantum search engine of the main operator of quantum amplification is included as a particular case. In order to show that there exist search problems that can be solved by our proposal but cannot be by applying the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm, we modify our algorithm as a cryptographic authentification protocol. This protocol results to be robust enough against attacks based on the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm. As a byproduct, we show a condition where it is impossible to find exactly a pre-image of an orthoghonal projection. This result generalizes the fact that, it is impossible to find a target state exactly by using quantum amplification on a three dimensional invariant subspace. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

From orthogonal projections to a generalized quantum search

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-011-0355-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A quantum algorithm with certainty is introduced in order to find a marked pre-image of an element which is known to be in the image domain of an orthogonal projection operator. The analysis of our algorithm is made by using properties of the Moebius transformations acting on the complex projective line. This new algorithm closely resembles the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm, however it is proven that our algorithm is a proper generalization of the latter (with generalized phases), in such a way that the quantum search engine of the main operator of quantum amplification is included as a particular case. In order to show that there exist search problems that can be solved by our proposal but cannot be by applying the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm, we modify our algorithm as a cryptographic authentification protocol. This protocol results to be robust enough against attacks based on the quantum amplitude amplification algorithm. As a byproduct, we show a condition where it is impossible to find exactly a pre-image of an orthoghonal projection. This result generalizes the fact that, it is impossible to find a target state exactly by using quantum amplification on a three dimensional invariant subspace.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 6, 2012

References

  • Phase matching condition for quantum search with a generalized initial state
    Long, G.L.; Li, X.; Sun, Y.
  • Quantum computers and unstructured search: finding and counting items with an arbitrarily entangled initial state
    Carlini, A.; Hosoya, A.

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