Composition and content of free monosaccharides and β-galactosidase activity were determined in the course of development of the flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) tissues containing bast fibers. In the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of formation of the secondary cell wall of gelatinous type, the content of free galactose was high (14 mM) and 13–20 times greater than in the upper part of the stem where the fibers were at the stage of intrusive growth. Pulse-chase experiments demonstrated the differences in the metabolism of individual low-molecular sugars. In respect to glucose and sucrose, all the examined characteristics (content, absolute and specific radioactivity, and the temporal changes of these indices) were identical in the stem regions wherein the fibers were at different stages of development. Labeled galactose was detected only in the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of secondary cell wall formation. The specific radioactivity of glucose and sucrose reached the maximum immediately after photosynthesis in the presence of 14CO2 and changed in the same way as in the primary products of photosynthesis. The time-course of label incorporation into galactose indicated that this monosaccharide arose as a result of hydrolytic processes. At the stage of secondary cell wall formation, high activity of β-galactosidase was observed, with tissue- and stage-specific fiber β-1,4-galactan as its substrate.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud