Free galactose and galactosidase activity in the course of flax fiber development

Free galactose and galactosidase activity in the course of flax fiber development Composition and content of free monosaccharides and β-galactosidase activity were determined in the course of development of the flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) tissues containing bast fibers. In the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of formation of the secondary cell wall of gelatinous type, the content of free galactose was high (14 mM) and 13–20 times greater than in the upper part of the stem where the fibers were at the stage of intrusive growth. Pulse-chase experiments demonstrated the differences in the metabolism of individual low-molecular sugars. In respect to glucose and sucrose, all the examined characteristics (content, absolute and specific radioactivity, and the temporal changes of these indices) were identical in the stem regions wherein the fibers were at different stages of development. Labeled galactose was detected only in the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of secondary cell wall formation. The specific radioactivity of glucose and sucrose reached the maximum immediately after photosynthesis in the presence of 14CO2 and changed in the same way as in the primary products of photosynthesis. The time-course of label incorporation into galactose indicated that this monosaccharide arose as a result of hydrolytic processes. At the stage of secondary cell wall formation, high activity of β-galactosidase was observed, with tissue- and stage-specific fiber β-1,4-galactan as its substrate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Free galactose and galactosidase activity in the course of flax fiber development

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709010099
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Composition and content of free monosaccharides and β-galactosidase activity were determined in the course of development of the flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) tissues containing bast fibers. In the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of formation of the secondary cell wall of gelatinous type, the content of free galactose was high (14 mM) and 13–20 times greater than in the upper part of the stem where the fibers were at the stage of intrusive growth. Pulse-chase experiments demonstrated the differences in the metabolism of individual low-molecular sugars. In respect to glucose and sucrose, all the examined characteristics (content, absolute and specific radioactivity, and the temporal changes of these indices) were identical in the stem regions wherein the fibers were at different stages of development. Labeled galactose was detected only in the stem regions where the fibers were at the stage of secondary cell wall formation. The specific radioactivity of glucose and sucrose reached the maximum immediately after photosynthesis in the presence of 14CO2 and changed in the same way as in the primary products of photosynthesis. The time-course of label incorporation into galactose indicated that this monosaccharide arose as a result of hydrolytic processes. At the stage of secondary cell wall formation, high activity of β-galactosidase was observed, with tissue- and stage-specific fiber β-1,4-galactan as its substrate.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 8, 2009

References

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