Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 5, 2005, pp. 856 3858. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 78, No. 5, 2005, pp. 873 3875. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2005 by Morachevskii. HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ AND CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY François Marie Raoult (To 175th Anniversary of His Birthday) A French physicist and chemist F. Raoult made an outstanding contribution to the investigation into the nature of solutions, established a relationship between the reduction of the saturated vapor pressure over a solution and the mole fraction of a solute (Raoult law), suggested methods for determining the molecu- lar weight of a solute from a depression of the freez- ing point of the solvent (cryoscopy) and from an ele- vation of the boiling point of a solution (ebullios- copy), and carried out a number of other studies. Raoult’s works largely favored the appearance of in- vestigations in the field of solutions, performed by founders of the present-day physical chemistry: J. van’t Hoff (185231911, 1901 Nobel Prize in Chem- istry), W. Ostwald (185231932, 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry), S. Arrhenius (185931927, 1903 Nobel Prize in Chemistry), and W. Nernst (1864 31941, 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry). In the lecture
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 6, 2005
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