Formation of Two Different Types of Ion Channels by Amphotericin B in Human Erythrocyte Membranes

Formation of Two Different Types of Ion Channels by Amphotericin B in Human Erythrocyte Membranes The polyene antibiotic amphotericin B (AmB) is known to form aqueous pores in lipid membranes and biological membranes. Here, membrane potential and ion permeability measurements were used to demonstrate that AmB can form two types of selective ion channels in human erythrocytes, differing in their interaction with cholesterol. We show that AmB induced a cation efflux (negative membrane polarization) across cholesterol-containing liposomes and erythrocytes at low concentrations (≤1.0 × 10−6 M), but a sharp reversal of such polarization was observed at concentrations greater than 1.0 × 10−6 M AmB, an indication that aqueous pores are formed. Cation-selective AmB channels are also formed across sterol-free liposomes, but aqueous pores are only formed at AmB concentrations 10 times greater. The effect of temperature on the AmB-mediated K+ efflux across erythrocytes revealed that the energies of activation for channel formation are negative and positive at AmB concentrations that lead predominantly to the formation of cation-selective channels and aqueous pores, respectively. These findings support the conclusion that the two types of AmB channels formed in human erythrocytes differ in their interactions with cholesterol and other membrane components. In effect, a membrane lipid reorganization, as induced by incubation of erythrocytes with tetrathionate, a cross-linking agent of the lipid raft–associated protein spectrin, led to differential changes in the activation parameters for the formation of both types of channels, reflecting the different lipid environments in which such structures are formed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Formation of Two Different Types of Ion Channels by Amphotericin B in Human Erythrocyte Membranes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/formation-of-two-different-types-of-ion-channels-by-amphotericin-b-in-h01C87bw12
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-009-9187-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The polyene antibiotic amphotericin B (AmB) is known to form aqueous pores in lipid membranes and biological membranes. Here, membrane potential and ion permeability measurements were used to demonstrate that AmB can form two types of selective ion channels in human erythrocytes, differing in their interaction with cholesterol. We show that AmB induced a cation efflux (negative membrane polarization) across cholesterol-containing liposomes and erythrocytes at low concentrations (≤1.0 × 10−6 M), but a sharp reversal of such polarization was observed at concentrations greater than 1.0 × 10−6 M AmB, an indication that aqueous pores are formed. Cation-selective AmB channels are also formed across sterol-free liposomes, but aqueous pores are only formed at AmB concentrations 10 times greater. The effect of temperature on the AmB-mediated K+ efflux across erythrocytes revealed that the energies of activation for channel formation are negative and positive at AmB concentrations that lead predominantly to the formation of cation-selective channels and aqueous pores, respectively. These findings support the conclusion that the two types of AmB channels formed in human erythrocytes differ in their interactions with cholesterol and other membrane components. In effect, a membrane lipid reorganization, as induced by incubation of erythrocytes with tetrathionate, a cross-linking agent of the lipid raft–associated protein spectrin, led to differential changes in the activation parameters for the formation of both types of channels, reflecting the different lipid environments in which such structures are formed.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 23, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off