The effects of levulinic acid (LA) on the synthesis of pigments and the membrane system of etioplasts were studied in etiolated leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Growing in the solution of LA during a six-day period, which started one day after the soaking of seeds, resulted in a retardation of leaf growth, more than a twofold decrease in the level of carotenoids and protochlorophyllide (Pd) in the leaf tissue, and suppression of the synthesis of long-wave form of Pd655; these effects depended on the LA concentration. In etioplasts isolated from the seedlings treated with 50 μM LA and containing predominantly a short-wave form of Pd with a peak of fluorescence at 632 nm (–196°C), there was a membrane fraction whose location in the sucrose density gradient was identical to that of prolamellar bodies (PLB) in the control plants. The content of Pd and carotenoids in this fraction calculated on a protein basis was 2.46 and 1.3 times lower than in control seedlings, while the relative content of Pd oxidoreductase (POR) essentially did not change. Thus, the suppression of Pd synthesis did not affect translocation of POR from the cytoplasm to the membranes of etioplasts. In the PLB membranes, there was no transfer of energy from the molecules of lipophilic fluorescent probe pyrene (excitation at 337, 278, and 296 nm) to Pd; however, under pigment deficiency, the production therein of pyrene excimer form at the expense of energy transfer from protein tryptophanyls (excitation at 278 and 296 nm) became more efficient, which indicated changes in protein–lipid interactions. The obtained results suggest that the short-wave form of Pd632 accumulating in etioplasts under the suppressed synthesis of tetrapyrroles is not a free pigment.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera