Keywords Ionic liquid Active intermediate Oxidation Green chemistry DFT Introduction Reducing the waste of chemical reactions may be the most concerning issue for developing sustainable processes, both in laboratory and at industrial scales. For this purpose, controlling the emission of hazardous waste is easier than puriﬁcation of the products or waste treatment. Oxidation of organic compounds is a routine method for the synthesis of a plethora of valuable building blocks and derivatives in chemistry . In this regard, hydrogen peroxide (H O ) is a promising selection since it is a cheap and 2 2 commercially available oxidant, and more importantly, water is the sole by-product of the oxidation reaction. Compared to molecular oxygen or air, the oxidation reaction using H O is more controllable . However, H O is known as a ‘‘lazy’’ 2 2 2 2 oxidant in organic synthesis. In most cases, a desired yield could be obtained only by applying some heavy metal oxides or complexes such as tungsten (W) [3, 4], molybdenum (Mo)  or manganese (Mn) [6, 7]. However, the applied metal catalysts are usually expensive and, in most cases, the separation and puriﬁcation process of the products and
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 24, 2016
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