Surg Radiol Anat (2017) 39:877–884 DOI 10.1007/s00276-016-1808-5 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Foramen arcuale: a rare morphological variation located in atlas vertebrae 1 1 1 1 Sibel Cirpan · Goksin Nilufer Yonguc · Mete Edizer · Nuket Gocmen Mas · A. Orhan Magden Received: 24 February 2016 / Accepted: 26 December 2016 / Published online: 15 March 2017 © Springer-Verlag France 2017 Abstract antero-posterior diameter of transverse foramina. There Objective To investigate the incidence of foramen arcuale was not any significant difference between the mean trans- in dry atlas vertebrae which may cause clinical problems. verse diameters and areas of superior articular facets and Materials and methods Eighty-one dry human cervical transverse foramina located on each side of atlas verte- vertebrae were examined. The evaluated parameters of two brae, respectively. Each of the areas of transverse foramina atlas vertebrae including foramen arcuale were as follows: located on the same sides with foramen arcuale in two atlas maximum antero-posterior, transverse diameters and areas vertebrae was less than the mean areas of transverse foram- of the right and left superior articular facets and transverse ina located ipsilateral side with each foramen arcuale in foramina; maximum antero-posterior diameters, heights, thirteen atlas vertebrae. areas and central sagittal thickness of bony arch forming Conclusion The present
Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 2017
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