The relation of gender to crying was investigated over a 15-year interval. The 1996 sample was composed of 523 undergraduates (293 females and 230 males). Forty percent of the sample described themselves as Asian, 32% Anglo, 19% Hispanic, and 7% African American. There were extreme similarities between the 1981 and 1996 samples in terms of reported frequency and intensity of crying and the gender patterning of crying behavior across stimulus situations. In the later sample, gender role orientation (as measured by the BSRI) was found to be associated with crying. Neither ethnicity nor socioeconomic status was significantly related to any of the variables examined. It may be that crying has not been significantly affected by changing gender role expectations in the last 15 years.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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