We have studied regulatory volume responses of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells (CBCEC) using light scattering. We assessed the contributions of fluoxetine (Prozac) and bumetanide-sensitive membrane ion transport pathways to such responses by determining K+ efflux and influx. Cells swollen by a 20% hypo-osmotic solution underwent a regulatory volume decrease (RVD) response, which after 6 min restored relative cell volume by 98%. Fluoxetine inhibited RVD recovery; 20 μm by 26%, and 50 μm totally. Fluoxetine had a triphasic effect on K+ efflux; from 20 to 100 μm it inhibited efflux 2-fold, whereas at higher concentrations the efflux first increased to 1.5-fold above the control value, and then decreased again. Cells shrunk by a 20% hyperosmotic solution underwent a regulatory volume increase (RVI) which also after 6 min restored the cell volume by 99%. Fluoxetine inhibited RVI; 20 μm by 25%, and 50 μm completely. Bumetanide (1 μm) inhibited RVI by 43%. In a Cl−-free medium, fluoxetine (50–500 μm) progressively inhibited bumetanide-insensitive K+ influx. The inhibitions of RVI and K+ influx induced by fluoxetine 20 to 50 μm were similar to those induced by 1 μm bumetanide and by Cl−-free medium. A computer simulation suggests that fluoxetine can interact with the selectivity filter of K+ channels. The data suggest that CBCEC can mediate RVD and RVI in part through increases in K+ efflux and Na-K-2Cl cotransport (NKCC) activity. Interestingly, the data also suggest that fluoxetine at 20 to 50 μm inhibits NKCC, and at 100–1000 μm inhibits the Na+ pump. One possible explanation for these findings is that fluoxetine could interact with K+-selective sites in K+ channels, the NKC cotransporter and the Na+ pump.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 1, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera