The fluid–structure interaction (FSI) of a splitter plate in a convergent channel flow is studied by measuring both the flow field and the plate vibration. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements show that the wake generated by the plate is characterized by cellular vortex shedding. Mean and RMS velocities presented in the plane normal to the main flow direction visualize clearly the cellular structure and related secondary flows. To evaluate the energy and spatial organization of the vortex shedding, spectral and correlation estimation methods are adapted to the PIV data. By presenting the spanwise variation of the streamwise spectra along the trailing edge, the nature of the cellular vortex shedding becomes evident. 2D space-correlation function reveals that the shedding in two neighboring cells occurs in a 180-degree phase shift. The vibration of the plate is studied with Digital Imaging (DI) and Laser Vibrometer (LV). The DI is based on images measured by the PIV system. An image-processing algorithm is used to detect the plate tip location and velocity simultaneously with the estimation of the fluid velocity field. The LV is used for the time-resolved measurement of the plate vibration. The results show that the plate vibrates in a very distinct mode characterized by a spanwise standing wave along the plate-trailing edge. This mode, in turn, causes the cellular vortex shedding.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 6, 2005
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