Fluid-induced lung injury—role of TRPV4 channels

Fluid-induced lung injury—role of TRPV4 channels Administration of bolus intravenous fluid is associated with respiratory dysfunction and increased mortality, findings with no clear mechanistic explanation. The objective of this study was to examine whether bolus intravenous (i.v.) fluid administration results in acute lung injury in a rat model and further, to examine whether this injury is associated with transient receptor potential vallinoid (TRPV)4 channel function and endothelial inflammatory response. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 60 ml/kg 0.9% saline i.v. over 30 min. Manifestation of acute lung injury was assessed by lung physiology, morphology, and markers of inflammation. The role of TRPV4 channels in fluid-induced lung injury was subsequently examined by the administration of ruthenium red (RR) in this established rat model and again in TRPV4 KO mice. In endothelial cell culture, permeability and P-selectin expression were measured following TRPV4 agonist with and without antagonist; 0.9% saline resulted in an increase in lung water, lavage protein and phospholipase A2, and plasma angiopoietin-2, with worsening in arterial blood oxygen (PaO2), lung elastance, surfactant activity, and lung histological injury score. These effects were ameliorated following i.v. fluid in rats receiving RR. TRPV4 KO mice did not develop lung edema. Expression of P-selectin increased in endothelial cells following administration of a TRPV4 agonist, which was ameliorated by simultaneous addition of RR. Bolus i.v. 0.9% saline resulted in permeability pulmonary edema. Data from ruthenium red, TRPV4 KO mice, and endothelial cell culture suggest activation of TRPV4 and release of angiopoietin 2 and P-selectin as the central mechanism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals
Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/fluid-induced-lung-injury-role-of-trpv4-channels-It3tW0GXrn
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
ISSN
0031-6768
eISSN
1432-2013
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00424-017-1983-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Administration of bolus intravenous fluid is associated with respiratory dysfunction and increased mortality, findings with no clear mechanistic explanation. The objective of this study was to examine whether bolus intravenous (i.v.) fluid administration results in acute lung injury in a rat model and further, to examine whether this injury is associated with transient receptor potential vallinoid (TRPV)4 channel function and endothelial inflammatory response. Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 60 ml/kg 0.9% saline i.v. over 30 min. Manifestation of acute lung injury was assessed by lung physiology, morphology, and markers of inflammation. The role of TRPV4 channels in fluid-induced lung injury was subsequently examined by the administration of ruthenium red (RR) in this established rat model and again in TRPV4 KO mice. In endothelial cell culture, permeability and P-selectin expression were measured following TRPV4 agonist with and without antagonist; 0.9% saline resulted in an increase in lung water, lavage protein and phospholipase A2, and plasma angiopoietin-2, with worsening in arterial blood oxygen (PaO2), lung elastance, surfactant activity, and lung histological injury score. These effects were ameliorated following i.v. fluid in rats receiving RR. TRPV4 KO mice did not develop lung edema. Expression of P-selectin increased in endothelial cells following administration of a TRPV4 agonist, which was ameliorated by simultaneous addition of RR. Bolus i.v. 0.9% saline resulted in permeability pulmonary edema. Data from ruthenium red, TRPV4 KO mice, and endothelial cell culture suggest activation of TRPV4 and release of angiopoietin 2 and P-selectin as the central mechanism.

Journal

Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 29, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off