The velocity field and skin friction distribution around a row of five jets issuing into a crossflow from short (L/D ≃ 1) pipes inclined by 35° with respect to the streamwise direction, (i.e., “short holes”) are presented for two different jet supply flow directions. Velocity was measured using PIV, while the skin friction was measured with oil-film interferometry. The flow features are compared with previously published data for jets issuing through holes oriented normal to the crossflow and with numerical simulations of similar geometries. The distinguishing features of the flow field include a reduced recirculation region in comparison to the 90° case and markedly different in-hole flow physics. The jetting process caused by in-hole separations force the bulk of the jet fluid to issue from the leading half of the streamwise-angled injection hole, as previously reported by Brundage et al. (Tech Rep ASME 99-GT-35, 1999) and predicted by Walters and Leylek (ASME J Turbomach 122:101–112, 2000). The flow structure impacts the skin friction distribution around the holes, resulting in higher near-hole shear stress for a counter-flow supply plenum (jet fluid supplied by a high speed plenum flowing opposite to the free stream direction). In contrast, the counter-flow supply plenum was previously found to have the lowest near-hole wall shear stress for normal injection holes (Peterson and Plesniak in Exp Fluids 37:497–503, 2004b). Streamwise-angled injection generally reduces the near-hole skin friction due to the reduced jet trajectory resulting from the lower wall-normal jet momentum. Far downstream, the skin friction distributions are similar for the two injection angle cases.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 21, 2007
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