Experimental data on velocity fields and flow patterns near a moving contact line is shown to be at variance with existing hydrodynamic theories. The discrepancy points to a new hydrodynamic paradox and suggests that the hydrodynamic approach may be incomplete and further parameters or forces affecting the surfaces may have to be included. A contact line is the line of intersection of three phases: (1) a solid, (2) a liquid, and (3) a fluid (liquid or gas) phase. A moving contact line develops when the contact line moves along the solid surface. A flat plate moved up and down, inside and out of a liquid pool defines a simple, reliable experimental model to characterize dynamic contact lines. Highlighted are three important conclusions from the experimental results that should be prominent in the development of new theoretical models for this flow. First, the velocity along the streamline configuring the liquid–fluid interface is remarkably constant within a distance of a couple of millimeters from the contact line. Second, the relative velocity of the liquid–fluid interface, defined as the ratio of the velocity along the interface to the velocity of the solid surface, is independent of the solid surface velocity. Third, the relative interface velocity is a function of the dynamic contact angle.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 2, 2005
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