A purely alternating jet without mean mass flux and a mixed pulsed jet containing an additional blowing component were investigated by particle image velocimetry (PIV). The jets issued from a two-dimensional slit connected to a converging nozzle, opening normally from a flat wall. The pulsation was driven by a loudspeaker. The mean velocity fields were characterized by the combination of downstream directional blowing and omni-directional suction. The velocity fluctuations were dominated by contra-rotating eddy pairs synchronized with the pulsation and formed at the jet edges during blowing. Phase-synchronized measurements permit the investigation of the averaged patterns and the cycle-to-cycle fluctuations of these vortices. The mean trajectories of vortex centers during a whole injection cycle show how large lateral jet expansions are achieved. For a purely alternating jet, the expansion takes place close to the slit. For a mixed pulsed jet, the vortices develop farther from the orifice. In addition, proper orthogonal mode decomposition demonstrates that only a few modes are required to represent the main events of the flow dynamics.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2001
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