Floral development of Gonocaryum with emphasis on the gynoecium

Floral development of Gonocaryum with emphasis on the gynoecium We investigated the floral development of Gonocaryum, a genus of Cardiopteridaceae that was segregated from Icacinaceae s.l., using scanning electron microscopy to clarify its gynoecial structure and facilitate morphological comparisons of Cardiopteridaceae. The key floral developmental characters include sepal initiation that follows a quincuncial spiral sequence; petals that are valvate with inflexed tips and are postgenitally fused at the base; a petal and stamen initiation sequence that is almost simultaneous; a globular protuberance on top of the connective; a gynoecium that is tricarpellate and pseudomonomerous, with the stigma produced by one abaxial lateral carpel; and two ovules that are unitegmic and anatropous with an obturator on the funicle. The floral developmental characters of Gonocaryum are discussed relative to Cardiopteris, which has been well studied and whose gynoecial vasculature is reinterpreted here, and are briefly compared to other members of Aquifoliales and Icacinaceae s.l. The imbricate sepals, initiated in a quincuncial spiral sequence, and the tricarpellate, pseudomonomerous gynoecium are common characters of Cardiopteridaceae. Unisexual flowers are an autapomorphy of Gonocaryum in Cardiopteridaceae. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Systematics and Evolution Springer Journals

Floral development of Gonocaryum with emphasis on the gynoecium

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Ecology; Plant Anatomy/Development; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
ISSN
0378-2697
eISSN
2199-6881
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00606-017-1479-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We investigated the floral development of Gonocaryum, a genus of Cardiopteridaceae that was segregated from Icacinaceae s.l., using scanning electron microscopy to clarify its gynoecial structure and facilitate morphological comparisons of Cardiopteridaceae. The key floral developmental characters include sepal initiation that follows a quincuncial spiral sequence; petals that are valvate with inflexed tips and are postgenitally fused at the base; a petal and stamen initiation sequence that is almost simultaneous; a globular protuberance on top of the connective; a gynoecium that is tricarpellate and pseudomonomerous, with the stigma produced by one abaxial lateral carpel; and two ovules that are unitegmic and anatropous with an obturator on the funicle. The floral developmental characters of Gonocaryum are discussed relative to Cardiopteris, which has been well studied and whose gynoecial vasculature is reinterpreted here, and are briefly compared to other members of Aquifoliales and Icacinaceae s.l. The imbricate sepals, initiated in a quincuncial spiral sequence, and the tricarpellate, pseudomonomerous gynoecium are common characters of Cardiopteridaceae. Unisexual flowers are an autapomorphy of Gonocaryum in Cardiopteridaceae.

Journal

Plant Systematics and EvolutionSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 16, 2017

References

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