Being a skilled reader means being able to process a text both superficially and deeply. However, international assessments show that 15 year-old students continue to have difficulty in understanding a text deeply. The aim of this study was to examine the differentiated contribution of several facets of self-regulation in the understanding of a text at different levels among skilled and less-skilled readers. To this end, we collected both online (reading traces) and offline (metacognitive judgments) data. The reading processes of 55 final-year secondary school students (15–16 years old) were captured while reading an expository text. Afterwards they answered superficial and deep comprehension questions and judged their level of confidence in their answers after each question. The accuracy of these judgments was determined through the calculation of bias indices. Analyses of the students’ online reading traces enabled us to identify four distinct patterns of processes: Linear reading, linear rereading, linear reading with selective rereading, and reading with online rereading. Overall, less-skilled readers approached the text more linearly and routinely, while skilled readers were more flexible. Furthermore, offline bias measures were lower for superficial (vs. deep) comprehension questions and for skilled (vs. less-skilled) readers. Online and offline measures were significantly interrelated pointing to a common underlying skill. Last but not least, both online and offline measures significantly predicted performance beyond readers’ comprehension skill, but played different roles in superficial and deep comprehension. These findings highlight the importance of self-regulated comprehension, especially the role of active online monitoring when reading for deep comprehension.
Reading and Writing – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 4, 2015
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