Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 9: 1–43, 1999.
© 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
The Larkin lecture*
Fisheries management in the twenty-ﬁrst century: will new paradigms
J. F. Caddy
Fishery Resources Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Accepted 14 May 1998
Abstract page 2
The role of paradigms in setting a future agenda for ﬁsheries 3
The academic context to ﬁsheries management
Three partial theories of stock assessment
The currently dominant paradigm
The management cycle
Modelling and experimenting with ﬁsheries systems
Some personal experiences
Mediterranean demersal ﬁsheries: a refugium paradigm?
Managing multispecies ﬁsheries and ecosystems
Role of society in ﬁsheries management
Are ﬁsheries sustainable?
The status of world marine ﬁshery resources 19
New perspectives offered by recent international agreements 21
The Code of Conduct and other legal instruments
Environmental issues in ﬁsheries management
Geographical elements in recent agreements
Targets for ﬁsheries management
Uncertainty and the precautionary approach
The limit reference point approach to ﬁsheries management 27
What does managing by limit reference point imply?
How to deﬁne limit reference points?
Target reference points and limit reference points
Aspects of recent conventions relevant to the new paradigm 28
Economic and social factors
The devolvement of management responsibility
Can technical advances in ﬁsheries management balance improved ﬁshing technology?
The need to reinforce MCS with improved technology
Future perspectives for global ﬁsheries – a personal view 32
Projections of present management scenarios
Some future management perspectives
Industrial-scale ﬁsheries within EEZs
Fisheries on the high seas and under split jurisdictions
Fisheries in developing countries
Telemetry and black-box systems
Catch limits and access rights?
Improved management infrastructure