Mar Biodiv (2018) 48:955–956 DOI 10.1007/s12526-016-0566-2 OCEANARIUM Firstreportof Calma glaucoides (Alder & Hancock, 1854) (Nudibranchia, Calmidae) from Sweden Leila Carmona Received: 8 February 2016 /Revised: 26 August 2016 /Accepted: 30 August 2016 /Published online: 12 September 2016 The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract In the present contribution, the geographic range of Calma glaucoides Alder & Hancock, 1854 is updated, since it was found for the first time in Sweden. This species was previ- ously recorded from different localities in the northeastern Atlantic and western Mediterranean. A molecular approach was used to verify the identity of the specimens. . . . . Keywords Mollusca Aeolidida Sweden Biodiversity New record The nudibranch fauna in Sweden appears to be less studied than that in Norway. So far, the only monographic study of the Swedish Nudibranchia is that conducted by Malmberg and Lundin (2015), whereas Evertsen (2001) and Evertsen and Bakken (e.g. 2013) undertook intensive investigations on the nu- dibranch fauna from Norway. In the present paper, knowledge about the nudibranch fauna in Sweden is updated by reporting Calma glaucoides Alder & Hancock, 1854 for the first time. Nine specimens, from 6 to10mminlength,were foundalongthe western coast of Sweden (Fig. 1), in water 28 m deep on fine gravel substrate. The identity of the specimens was determined by molecular sequencing of tissue samples from freshly preserved specimens (not shown). Calma is a small genus that belongs to the monogeneric family Calmidae Iredale & O’Donoghue, 1923, with only two species: Calma glaucoides and C. gobioophaga Calado & Urgorri, 2002. The geographical distribution of this Communicated by V. Urgorri * Leila Carmona firstname.lastname@example.org Fig. 1 a, b Photographs of the living animals of Calma glaucoides. a Specimen GNM Gastropoda 9029 and b specimen GNM Gastropoda Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 460, 9030, photos by Fredrik Pleijel. c Collecting site of the specimens on 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden the west coast of Sweden 956 Mar Biodiv (2018) 48:955–956 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative genus ranges from the northeastern Atlantic to the western Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http:// Mediterranean (see Prkíc et al. 2014 for a map with all the creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, records of Calma spp.). Within Scandinavia, thus far, Calmidae distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appro- and C. glaucoides have been reported only three times, where it is priate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. only known from Norwegian waters (Evertsen and Bakken 2013). Evertsen and Bakken (2013) argued that the small number of records of C. glaucoides was a result of the difficulties in observing this species in situ. Moreover, during the last century, References the Swedish nudibranch fauna has been largely ignored. Nevertheless, the compilation completed by Malmberg and Evertsen J (2001) Nakensneglfaunaen i Trondheimsfjorden og i Isfjorden på Lundin (2015) updated the nudibranch fauna of Sweden with Svalbard. Systematikk og økologi. Hovedfagsoppgave i marin biologi til 89 species, including ten new records. All these new citations, graden Candidatus scientiarum. Norges teknisk naturvitenskapelige universitet including the one presented here, point out the necessity of a more Evertsen J, Bakken T (2013) Diversity of Norwegian sea slugs complete revision of the Scandinavian fauna of Nudibranchia, in (Nudibranchia): new species to Norwegian coastal waters and new data particular species from Swedish waters. on distribution of rare species. Fauna Norv 32:45–52 Malmberg K, Lundin K (2015) Svenska Nakensnäckor. Waterlog Productions, Halmstad Acknowledgments Many thanks go to Mats Larsson and Fredrik Prkíc J, Furfaro G, Mariottini P, Carmona L, Cervera JL, Modica MV, Pleijel, who collected and provided specimens and images for this study. Oliverio M (2014) First record of Calma gobioophaga Calado and This work was supported by the Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (grant dha Urgorri, 2002 (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia) in the Mediterranean 2015-7 4.3). Sea. Mediterr Mar Sci 15:423–428
Marine Biodiversity – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 12, 2016
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