First report of a Palaeozoic fenestrate bryozoan with an articulated growth habit

First report of a Palaeozoic fenestrate bryozoan with an articulated growth habit Purpose The main goal of this paper is the description of the erect articulated growth habit for the first time within the Palaeozoic Order Fenestrata, and the interpretation of its occurrence within the evolutionary history of colonial morphology in fenestrates. Methods The present paper is based on a single specimen composed of fifteen disarticulated internodes. The specimen was extracted from the outcrop as two minute slabs, one of which was embedded in a two-component epoxy resin for preparation of acetate peels and the other one preserved without subsequent preparation for observation of exterior features. Results A new Devonian fenestrate bryozoan genus, Arnaopora, and its type species, A. sotoi, are described from the Emsian-Eifelian Moniello Formation (Asturias, NW Spain). Zooecial characters as well as the development of articulated colonies support the definition of this new genus, which is the first reported representative with an articulated growth habit in the Order Fenestrata, almost exclusively composed of rigidly erect unilaminar forms. Conclusions The occurrence of Arnaopora in the early Eifelian coincides with a peak of disparity in fenestrate bryozoan growth forms during the transition between the Early and Middle Devonian. While all previously known morphological variations of growth forms in Palaeozoic fenestrates http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Iberian Geology Springer Journals

First report of a Palaeozoic fenestrate bryozoan with an articulated growth habit

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Earth Sciences; Earth Sciences, general; Geology; Structural Geology
ISSN
1698-6180
eISSN
1886-7995
D.O.I.
10.1007/s41513-018-0054-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose The main goal of this paper is the description of the erect articulated growth habit for the first time within the Palaeozoic Order Fenestrata, and the interpretation of its occurrence within the evolutionary history of colonial morphology in fenestrates. Methods The present paper is based on a single specimen composed of fifteen disarticulated internodes. The specimen was extracted from the outcrop as two minute slabs, one of which was embedded in a two-component epoxy resin for preparation of acetate peels and the other one preserved without subsequent preparation for observation of exterior features. Results A new Devonian fenestrate bryozoan genus, Arnaopora, and its type species, A. sotoi, are described from the Emsian-Eifelian Moniello Formation (Asturias, NW Spain). Zooecial characters as well as the development of articulated colonies support the definition of this new genus, which is the first reported representative with an articulated growth habit in the Order Fenestrata, almost exclusively composed of rigidly erect unilaminar forms. Conclusions The occurrence of Arnaopora in the early Eifelian coincides with a peak of disparity in fenestrate bryozoan growth forms during the transition between the Early and Middle Devonian. While all previously known morphological variations of growth forms in Palaeozoic fenestrates

Journal

Journal of Iberian GeologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 22, 2018

References

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