Ti-6Al-4V is widely utilized to manufacture airframe component structures with curvature, because of its excellent strength to weight ratio, outstanding resistance to corrosion, and inherent thermal and electrical compatibility with carbon fiber composite. Hot stretch bending (HSB) is an effective technology to manufacture these kinds of structures. When comparing the thin-walled extrusion with the thick-walled one, however, it is more difficult to form. The reason is that the local temperature of extrusion decreases more because of the heat transfer between extrusion and die. In this study, the material properties of Ti-6Al-4V were measured experimentally, such as the tensile property within the temperatures from 873 to 1023 K and the strain rates from 0.0005 to 0.005 s−1, the stress relaxation behavior in a wide range of temperatures (773–973 K) and prestrains (0.7–10%), as well as the heat transfer rule between Ti-6Al-4V (extrusion material) and asbestos cement (die material) under different pressures (8–25 MPa). The heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) were determined by an inverse analysis procedure, which was based on the comparison between measured and calculated temperature. Then, the coupled thermomechanical finite element (FE) model considering the effect of heat transfer was established. The influence of preheating temperature of die, initial temperature of extrusion, and dwell time on spring-back was researched based on orthogonal array testing strategy (OATS). The optimized parameters were verified by process test. It was showed that the established FE model could be used to predict spring-back within a relative deviation of 8.05%.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 17, 2017
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