Finite element analysis to determine stress fields at the apex of V-Y flaps

Finite element analysis to determine stress fields at the apex of V-Y flaps After performing a V-Y advancement flap, we observed an unusually shaped necrosis, resembling a keyhole at the apex of the flap. As high closing tensions are an accepted cause of skin necrosis, we developed a mathematical model based on the finite element analysis in order to determine the stress field by simulating the mechanical behavior of human skin during suture and to explain this particular shape of necrosis. For the modeling, a planar nonlinear two-dimensional finite element model was used. The numerical simulation was carried out with Ansys® v12 software. Results are expressed in numerical and graphic form. The shape of the vertical iso-stress line for a stress equal to 18.8 kPa was similar to the necrosis observed in our clinical case. Similarities between the shape of necrosis and the calculated stress field at the apex of the V-Y advancement flap indicate the major role of skin tension in this necrosis. Finite element analysis is an original approach for describing the particular shape of a necrosis. Although many factors can be implicated in skin necrosis, the modeling confirms the role of tension in the necrosis of this particular case. Level of Evidence: Level V, risk/prognostic study http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Plastic Surgery Springer Journals

Finite element analysis to determine stress fields at the apex of V-Y flaps

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/finite-element-analysis-to-determine-stress-fields-at-the-apex-of-v-y-wixzXKDaxU
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Plastic Surgery
ISSN
0930-343X
eISSN
1435-0130
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00238-012-0776-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

After performing a V-Y advancement flap, we observed an unusually shaped necrosis, resembling a keyhole at the apex of the flap. As high closing tensions are an accepted cause of skin necrosis, we developed a mathematical model based on the finite element analysis in order to determine the stress field by simulating the mechanical behavior of human skin during suture and to explain this particular shape of necrosis. For the modeling, a planar nonlinear two-dimensional finite element model was used. The numerical simulation was carried out with Ansys® v12 software. Results are expressed in numerical and graphic form. The shape of the vertical iso-stress line for a stress equal to 18.8 kPa was similar to the necrosis observed in our clinical case. Similarities between the shape of necrosis and the calculated stress field at the apex of the V-Y advancement flap indicate the major role of skin tension in this necrosis. Finite element analysis is an original approach for describing the particular shape of a necrosis. Although many factors can be implicated in skin necrosis, the modeling confirms the role of tension in the necrosis of this particular case. Level of Evidence: Level V, risk/prognostic study

Journal

European Journal of Plastic SurgerySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2013

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off