Cellulose https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-1866-4 OR IGINAL PAPER Finishing of cotton fabrics by multi-layered coatings to improve their ﬂame retardancy and water repellency . . . . . Longxiang Liu Zunchu Huang Ying Pan Xin Wang Lei Song Yuan Hu Received: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract In this study, we ﬁnished cotton fabrics char yield. The ﬂame retardant property was signiﬁ- with polyethylenimine (PEI)/melamine and phytic cantly enhanced as evidenced by the self-extinguish- acid (PA) by layer-by-layer assembly to enhance their ing behavior of Cotton-4BL and Cotton-4BL-PDMS ﬂame retardant properties. Subsequently, the ﬂame fabrics in the vertical burning tests. The peak heat retardant treated cotton fabrics were impregnated with release rates of the treated cotton fabrics were a diluted solution of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) decreased by more than 50% in contrast to that of for improving water repellent behavior. The morphol- the original cotton. The signiﬁcant improvement in ogy and chemical composition of un-treated and ﬂame retardancy was attributed to the catalytic effect treated cotton fabrics were measured by scanning of the melamine/PEI–PA coating on char formation electron microscopy equipped with Energy Dispersive and the char stabilization effect of PDMS.
Cellulose – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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