In our previous studies, a single segment substitution line (SSSL) W23-03-8-9-1 with substituted interval of PSM301-PSM306-PSM305-PSM304-RM3894-RM3372-RM569-RM231-RM545 on chromosome 3 has been found to comprise a gene for extremely early heading date. To map this gene, the SSSL W23-03-8-9-1 was crossed with the recipient Huajingxian (HJX74) to develop an F2 segregating population. The distribution of early and late heading plants in this population fitted a segregation ratio of 3: 1, indicating that early heading was controlled by a dominant gene. Using a random sample of 520 individuals from the F2 segregation population, the qHD3-1 locus was mapped between two SSR markers, RM3894 and RM3372, with genetic distances of 1.2 and 1.1 cM, respectively. For fine mapping of qHD3-1, a large F2: 3 segregating population was developed, with 6000 individuals from the F2 plants heterozygous in the RM3894 and RM3372 regions. The analysis of recombinants in the qHD3-1 region put the gene locus into an interval of 29.5 kb flanked by the left marker 3HD8 and the right marker 3HD9. Sequence analysis of this fragment predicted eight open reading frames. One of them, ORF8, with its molecular function predicted to encode ribonuclease III activity and RNA binding, is considered the most interesting candidate gene.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 3, 2011
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