We studied the fertility of D. melanogaster females heterozygous for the dominant temperature sensitive mutation l(2)M167 DTS , which exerts a recessive lethal effect at 25°C, under the conditions of stable temperature regimes 25, 28, and 29°C and changing regimes 25 → 29°C and 29 → 25°C. It was shown that inhibition of total activity of oogenesis due to a decreased number of functioning ovarioles is one of the mechanisms underlying the decreased fertility of l(2)M167 DTS /+ females. Analysis of individual fertility of each female confirmed also the role of sterility as a component of fertility of the females. Sterilization was realized due both to full depletion of functioning ovarioles and disturbed mechanism of laying the mature eggs onto a substrate as a result of violation of the feedback blocking normal ovulation, which led to the breakdown of ovarioles and filling of the abdominal cavity with mature oocytes. A significant polymorphism of heterozygous females by their fertility was observed. The intensity of sterilization and mortality of l(2)M167 DTS /+ females sharply increased at an elevated temperature (29°C), especially at the pupal stage.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2006
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