J Psycholinguist Res (2018) 47:307–324
Fer-ho Anaphora in Catalan: Semantic and Discourse
Published online: 28 November 2017
© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017
Abstract This paper considers the anaphoric status of the pro-form fer-ho (do it) in Catalan
[This paper contains some ideas included in Busquets (2005)]. I discuss some anaphoric
properties of fer-ho as deep anaphora. I also compare these properties to those of other
types of anaphora, like VPE and pseudogapping (pg). I show that its interpretation is strongly
constrained by information and discourse structure.
Keywords Deep/surface anaphora · Catalan · Orphans · Focus · Discourse structure
The pro-form fer-ho
(or vp-pro-form) is broadly used in Catalan. However this form has
never received a systematic linguistic study, except as a test to establish the internal structure
of the verb phrase (e.g. to distinguish complements and adjuncts). The paper is organized
as follows. First, I will sketch out some syntactic properties of fer-ho and compare it to
other types of anaphora. Then, the corresponding possible aspectual types as antecedents for
fer-ho are presented, along with a proposal for orphans’ scope. Problems with information
and discourse structure interactions are also tackled as well as long distance dependencies
of fer-ho in discourse. Final section concludes.
In the examples used in this paper, other morphologically forms of the verb fer (do) will be found, such
as: ‘faig’: [1pers, sg, present]; ‘fa’: [3pers, sg, present]; ‘faci’:[1/3pers, sing, subj, present]; ‘faré’: [1pers, sg,
future]; ‘faria’: [1/3pers, sg, cond.]; ‘feia’: [1/3pers, sg, imperfect past].
Department of Sciences du Langage, Université Bordeaux Montaigne, CLLE-ERSSàB, UMR 5263,
Domaine Universitaire, 19 esplanade des Antilles, 33607 Pessac, France