Femtosecond to nanosecond dynamics in fullerenes: Implications for excitedstate optical nonlinearities

Femtosecond to nanosecond dynamics in fullerenes: Implications for excitedstate optical... We compared detailed dynamics of the excited-state absorption for C60 in solution, thin films, and entrapped in an inorganic sol-gel glass matrix. Our results demonstrate that the microscopic morphology of the C60 molecules plays a crucial role in determining the relaxation dynamics. This is a key factor for applications in optical limiting for nanosecond pulses using reverse saturable absorption. We find that the dynamics of our C60-glass composites occur on long (ns) timescales, comparable to those in solution; thin film samples, by contrast, show rapid decay (<20 picoseconds). These results demonstrate that C60-sol-gel glass composites contain C60 in a molecular dispersion, and are suitable candidates for solid-state optical limiting. Multispectral analysis of the decay dynamics in solution allows accurate determination of both the intersystem crossing time (600±100ps) and the relative strengths of the singlet and triplet excited-state cross sections as a function of wavelength from 450–950 nm. The triplet excited-state cross section is greater than that for the singlet excited-state over the range from 620–810 nm. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Femtosecond to nanosecond dynamics in fullerenes: Implications for excitedstate optical nonlinearities

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Springer
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1163/156856797X00024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We compared detailed dynamics of the excited-state absorption for C60 in solution, thin films, and entrapped in an inorganic sol-gel glass matrix. Our results demonstrate that the microscopic morphology of the C60 molecules plays a crucial role in determining the relaxation dynamics. This is a key factor for applications in optical limiting for nanosecond pulses using reverse saturable absorption. We find that the dynamics of our C60-glass composites occur on long (ns) timescales, comparable to those in solution; thin film samples, by contrast, show rapid decay (<20 picoseconds). These results demonstrate that C60-sol-gel glass composites contain C60 in a molecular dispersion, and are suitable candidates for solid-state optical limiting. Multispectral analysis of the decay dynamics in solution allows accurate determination of both the intersystem crossing time (600±100ps) and the relative strengths of the singlet and triplet excited-state cross sections as a function of wavelength from 450–950 nm. The triplet excited-state cross section is greater than that for the singlet excited-state over the range from 620–810 nm.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 14, 2009

References

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