Feeding Patterns in Different Size Larvae of Walleye Pollack, Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas, 1814) on the Shelf of Western Kamchatka

Feeding Patterns in Different Size Larvae of Walleye Pollack, Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas,... The stomach contents were examined in 373 walleye pollack larvae of different sizes. The diet of pollack larvae included more than 20 plankters of different sizes. Phytoplankton was the major food source of 4- to 6-mm-long larvae. The proportion of phytoplankton in the larval diet decreased as the larvae grew, and the late larval stages shifted entirely to a diet of zooplankton. As the larvae increased in size, the spectrum of food organisms changed from smaller to larger sizes. In the larvae 4 to 31 mm long, the length of prey varied from 0.1 (Coscinodiscus) to 6.0 mm (Neocalanus plumchrus). The average daily repleteness of pollack larvae varied from 32 to 210‰. The minimum repleteness was registered in 4- to 6-mm-long larvae with mixed feeding (endogenous and exogenous); in 30- to 35-mm-long fish the repleteness was the greatest. The daily food rations calculated for the most abundant size groups of larvae ranged from 4.3 to 6.6% of their body weight. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Feeding Patterns in Different Size Larvae of Walleye Pollack, Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas, 1814) on the Shelf of Western Kamchatka

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUMB.0000025987.11438.72
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The stomach contents were examined in 373 walleye pollack larvae of different sizes. The diet of pollack larvae included more than 20 plankters of different sizes. Phytoplankton was the major food source of 4- to 6-mm-long larvae. The proportion of phytoplankton in the larval diet decreased as the larvae grew, and the late larval stages shifted entirely to a diet of zooplankton. As the larvae increased in size, the spectrum of food organisms changed from smaller to larger sizes. In the larvae 4 to 31 mm long, the length of prey varied from 0.1 (Coscinodiscus) to 6.0 mm (Neocalanus plumchrus). The average daily repleteness of pollack larvae varied from 32 to 210‰. The minimum repleteness was registered in 4- to 6-mm-long larvae with mixed feeding (endogenous and exogenous); in 30- to 35-mm-long fish the repleteness was the greatest. The daily food rations calculated for the most abundant size groups of larvae ranged from 4.3 to 6.6% of their body weight.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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