Ribosome biogenesis is a crucial process for growth and constitutes the major consumer of cellular resources. This pathway is subjected to very stringent regulation to ensure correct ribosome manufacture with a wide variety of environmental and metabolic changes, and intracellular insults. Here we summarise our current knowledge on the regulation of ribosome biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by particularly focusing on the feedback mechanisms that maintain ribosome homeostasis. Ribosome biogenesis in yeast is controlled mainly at the level of the production of both pre-rRNAs and ribosomal proteins through the transcriptional and post-transcriptional control of the TORC1 and protein kinase A signalling pathways. Pre-rRNA processing can occur before or after the 35S pre-rRNA transcript is completed; the switch between these two alternatives is regulated by growth conditions. The expression of both ribosomal proteins and the large family of transacting factors involved in ribosome biogenesis is co-regulated. Recently, it has been shown that the synthesis of rRNA and ribosomal proteins, but not of trans-factors, is coupled. Thus the so-called CURI complex sequesters specific transcription factor Ifh1 to repress ribosomal protein genes when rRNA transcription is impaired. We recently found that an analogue system should operate to control the expression of transacting factor genes in response to actual ribosome assembly performance. Regulation of ribosome biogenesis manages situations of imbalanced ribosome production or misassembled ribosomal precursors and subunits, which have been closely linked to distinct human diseases.
Current Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 11, 2017
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