Background Febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the most common and most critical adverse effects of chemotherapy. Despite many existing guidelines based on the use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), FN continues to impair the quality of life and interfere with the treatment of many patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and management of FN associated with chemotherapy for early breast cancer in routine clinical practice. Methods All patients with early-stage breast cancer (ESBC) treated by chemotherapy at Institut Curie, Hôpital René Huguenin, in 2014 were retrospectively included. The incidence and management of FN were reported. Risk factors associated with FN were studied by robust-error-variance Poisson regression. Results A total of 524 patients received either neoadjuvant (N = 130) or adjuvant chemotherapy (N = 394). Most patients (80%) were treated with a combination of 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FEC100; 3 cycles) followed by docetaxel 100 mg/m (D; 3 cycles). The overall incidence of FN was 17%. Eighteen percent of patients received primary prophylaxis (PP) for FN with G-CSF, using pegfilgrastim in 64% of cases and 74% of patients over the age of 70 received PP. Less than 5% of patients who received PP experienced
Supportive Care in Cancer – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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