The composition and structure of nekton in the upper epipelagic zone is considered based on the data of trawl surveys conducted in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and adjacent waters in 2004–2009. Alterations in the nekton community during the early summer period, as well as peculiarities of its species composition and quantitative distribution that depend on changes in background conditions are described. In total, as many as 66 species of fish and 22 species of cephalopods were recorded in catches for the studied period. The lowest biodiversity was found in the near-shore waters (areas nos. 5, 7, and 9) and the highest one was in open oceanic waters (area no. 13). In 2004–2009, nekton biomass was formed mainly by mesopelagic species and their share amounted to 40–60% of the entire nekton community. Pacific salmon varied within 17–37% the total nekton biomass in various years. In general, for the period of studies, the mean biomass of nekton community was 2 431 000 tons, and in 2009, the total biomass approached this value.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2012
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