This paper discusses the role of process modeling in safety analysis. Process modeling is applied in the fault propagation behavior study of CSTR chemical production. For that purpose, HAZOP methodology and continuation analysis were used. The proposed hazard identification methodology involves analysis of steady-state multiplicity and safe operating conditions as well as those which can shift process units from one steady state to another. All presented case studies are also supported by system dynamic simulations, essential to detect oscillatory thermal instability. In this paper, N-oxide alkylpyridines production process was chosen to identify potential hazard and operational problems. Presented dynamic simulations represent an analysis of the system response to step changes in the key operating parameters. The effect of deviations of three key parameters on the reactor safe operation was investigated. The proposed numerical algorithms represent a mathematical engine of the simulation module within an automated model-based HAZOP analysis tool.
Chemical Papers – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2017
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