A single failure in a communication network may trigger many alarms. When the communication network uses optical fibers as transmission medium and increases its capacity by using Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM), the number of alarms and the difficulty to locate the failure are considerably higher. In this case, a single failure may interrupt several channels which causes a large information loss. We propose an Alarm Filtering Algorithm (AFA) for the fault management of an optical network that supports multiple failures and works in the presence of non-alarming elements, that is, network components which may fail but never generate an alarm (e.g. optical fibers). The algorithm provides a list of components whose failure explain the observed alarms. It avoids the use of failure probabilities, which are difficult to estimate, and does not need a global knowledge of the network topology. Moreover it also tolerates alarm losses and false alarms. The algorithm is tailored to the specific behavior of the hardware components of an optical network when a failure occurs. The classification of the network components according to the alarm signals they generate enables a formalization of the alarm-filtering problem and results in an efficient algorithm for localizing the failure(s). This algorithm is applied to the WDM rings of the COBNET network  (COBNET is a European ACTS project) and to a meshed optical network with the ARPA2 topology.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2004
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