Fatty acid composition of membrane lipids and energy metabolism in mitochondria of pea seedlings under water deficit

Fatty acid composition of membrane lipids and energy metabolism in mitochondria of pea seedlings... The impacts of water deficit and melamine salt of bis(oximethyl)phosphonic acid (melaphen) on the fatty acid (FA) composition of membrane lipids and energy metabolism in mitochondria of 5-day-old pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Flora-2) seedlings were studied. Insufficient watering resulted in the accumulation of saturated and a decrease in the content of unsaturated FAs with 18 and 20 carbon atoms. Seed treatment with 3 × 10−10 M melaphen prevented these changes in the FA composition in the mitochondrial membrane lipids. Changes in the FA compositions of membrane lipids were correlated with changes in energy metabolism in mitochondria: the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation and the rate of NAD-dependent substrate oxidation in the presence of ADP and FCCP (carbonyl cyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone) were reduced. A close correlation was observed between changes in the highest rates of NAD-dependent substrate oxidation and the relative content of FAs with 18 (r = 0.76489) and 20 (r = 0.9637) carbon atoms. The regulatory role of C18 and C20 unsaturated FAs in the mitochondrial energy metabolism of pea seedlings is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Fatty acid composition of membrane lipids and energy metabolism in mitochondria of pea seedlings under water deficit

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443713010111
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The impacts of water deficit and melamine salt of bis(oximethyl)phosphonic acid (melaphen) on the fatty acid (FA) composition of membrane lipids and energy metabolism in mitochondria of 5-day-old pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Flora-2) seedlings were studied. Insufficient watering resulted in the accumulation of saturated and a decrease in the content of unsaturated FAs with 18 and 20 carbon atoms. Seed treatment with 3 × 10−10 M melaphen prevented these changes in the FA composition in the mitochondrial membrane lipids. Changes in the FA compositions of membrane lipids were correlated with changes in energy metabolism in mitochondria: the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation and the rate of NAD-dependent substrate oxidation in the presence of ADP and FCCP (carbonyl cyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone) were reduced. A close correlation was observed between changes in the highest rates of NAD-dependent substrate oxidation and the relative content of FAs with 18 (r = 0.76489) and 20 (r = 0.9637) carbon atoms. The regulatory role of C18 and C20 unsaturated FAs in the mitochondrial energy metabolism of pea seedlings is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 17, 2013

References

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