Qualitative and quantitative composition of fatty acids (FA) in the lipids of vegetative organs of the halophyte Suaeda altissima (L.) Pall. grown at different NaCl concentrations in nutrient solution was studied. Along with this, the biomass of these organs, the content of water and Na+, Cl−, and K+ ions in them, and the ultrastructure of root and leaf cells were determined. At both low (1 mM) and high (750 mM) NaCl concentrations in nutrient solution, plants could maintain growth and water content in organs, demonstrating a noticeable increase in the dry weight and a slight increase in the water content at 250 mM NaCl. At all NaCl concentrations in nutrient solution, S. altissima tissues contained a relatively high K+ amount. Under salinity, Na+ and Cl− ions contributed substantially into the increase in the cell osmotic pressure, i.e., a decrease in their water potential; in the absence of salinity, K+ fulfilled this function. In the cells of both roots and leaves, NaCl stimulated endo- and exocytosis, supposedly involved in the vesicular compound transport. 750 mM NaCl induced plasmolysis and changes in the membrane structure, which can be interpreted as degradation processes. Under optimal NaCl concentration in medium (250 mM), the content of lipids in plant aboveground organs per fresh weight was more than 2.5-fold higher than under 1 or 750 mM NaCl, whereas in the roots opposite patten was observed. When plants were grown under non-optimal conditions, substantial changes occurred in the qualitative and quantitative FA composition in lipids of both aboveground organs and roots. Observed changes are discussed in relation to processes underlying S. altissima salt tolerance and those of disintegration occurring at the high external NaCl concentration (750 mM).
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 14, 2013
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